Some 100 years ago Landscape Architecture was an unregulated occupation of a small group of interested experts. Today it has developed into both an internationally recognised profession as well as an increasingly active academic discipline.
International cooperation shaped the academic development of landscape architecture significantly and is crucial for its further development. Three themes of particular relevance in this development are:
Profession and Higher Education. Existing theory on professions is applied to landscape architecture. Professional development shaped academic development and vice versa, both ensuring high quality and the outstanding body of knowledge.
The Growth of Landscape Architecture Education. Investigation of the actual development of education facilities from the very first course until the about 100 education options today were done through a Europe wide survey as well as literature research. The first 5 pioneering courses and professorships were Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Agriculture College of Berlin, University of Reading, Agronomy Higher Institute; Lisbon Technical University and Wageningen University. These are outlined in detail, further significant foundations from all over Europe up until today are outlined.
Cooperation in Europe. European Programmes and professional associations amongst others influenced landscape architecture academic cooperation. Through interviews with the founders and literature research the foundation of national and international associations are described. The foundation of the European Union and the implementation of programmes related to higher education influenced cooperation in landscape architecture education significantly. The European Landscape Convention, through its call for cooperation, amongst others supports landscape architecture professional development.
Dipl.-Ing. Barbara Birli